The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Cancer analysis helps to spot causes, and develop methods for hindrance, diagnosis, treatment and cure. Cancer analysis might concerned Scientists from Chemistry, organic chemistry, medicine Engineering, Physiology or Molecular background.
- Types of Research
- Fundings in Cancer Research
- Participation of Patients in Cancer Research
- Future of Cancer Research
Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. When the cells don't obey the body’s control mechanism then the growth of cells becomes abnormal which results in cancer. Different types of cancer exist, each behaving differently despite its ability to grow, divide, and re-divide.
- Medical Oncology
- Surgical Oncology
- Clinical Oncology
- Radiation Oncology
- Computational Oncology
- Exercise Oncology
An Oncologist is specialized in the treatment of cancer. Oncologists diagnose cancer and identify treatment options. Oncologists are also known as specialists. The responsibilities are: explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage, when discussing treatment options and their preferred option, providing high-quality, compassionate care Assisting the patient in dealing with the symptoms and side effects of cancer and treatment.
Cancer is the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells that affects normal body tissues. The cancerous cells invade and spread to the other parts of the body through blood and lymph systems. Cancer cells can disrupt normal organ function when they develop. This can lead to a reduction in oxygen supply and the accumulation of waste products. It is possible to die if vital organ function is impaired. Worldwide cancer is the leading cause of death.
Cancer is mainly classified into four stages; the fourth stage is the most dangerous. The early stage of cancer is Stage I which affects a small area. Stage II Cancerous cell grows and doesn’t spread to lymph systems. Stage III Cancerous cells spread to lymph systems and other tissues. Stage IV is known as metastatic or advanced cancer in which the cancerous cells spread to other organs of the body.
Oncogenesis is the transformation of healthy cells into cancer cells. A series of genetic and cellular changes, including oncogene activation, causes the cell to divide uncontrollably. Oncogenesis which is occurring in cancer patients and cannot be reversed. Many cancer treatments aim to eliminate cancerous cells from the body.
Our cells are genetically designed to perform a variety of tasks throughout our lives. New cells are needed to replace worn-out cells that die in a predictable cycle. When a cell's DNA becomes faulty, the cells can begin to expand uncontrollably, resulting in the formation of a tumor – a 'swelling,' but in the context of cancer, the term refers to abnormal tissue growth.
Biomarkers are those molecules which serve as indicator for the processes that may occur in a body for a disease for which the patient has been diagnosed. Cancer Biomarkers are those biological molecules that may help to detect if a person is having Cancer. Some major examples of Biomarkers that has been used for diagnosis of cancer are, ER/PR (Used for Breast Cancer), Eml4/ALK (used for Lung Cancer). Additionally, biomarkers are generally used in clinical practice to identify patients with favorable prognoses who can safely avoid overtreatment.
- Use of Biomarkers in Cancer Research
- Cancer Biomarker Discovery
- Biomarker Development
- Validation of Biomarkers
- Availability of Cancer Biomarkers
- Biomarkers and Breast Cancer
Cancer is suspected based on symptoms, physical examination findings, and, in some cases, screening test results. X-rays obtained for other reasons, such as an injury, may occasionally reveal abnormalities that could be cancer. Other tests are required to confirm the presence of cancer (termed diagnostic tests). The majority of people receive a combination of treatments, such as surgery combined with chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Cancer prevention and risk-reduction efforts significantly lessen the disease's financial, emotional, and physical toll and enhance the general health of cancer survivors, including lowering the risk of developing second cancer.
It is also important to note that not all cancers are avoidable, even though the risk of developing cancer can be significantly decreased by avoiding risk factors.
Oncology-specialist pharmacists play an important role in the healthcare team. Pharmacists also help with the overall drug plan coordination, which includes everything from inpatient chemotherapy infusions to which pills must be taken at home. Pharmacists are knowledgeable about pharmaceuticals and how they work in the fight against cancer.
Chemotherapy medications, in general, work by attacking cells or preventing them from growing and dividing. Cancer cells proliferate and divide at an uncontrollable rate. Many chemotherapy drugs are specifically designed to inhibit this type of rapid cell growth. Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment. This means it circulates throughout the body via the bloodstream.
- Intravenous (IV) Chemotherapy
- Oral Chemotherapy
- Injected Chemotherapy
- Chemotherapy into an artery
- Chemotherapy into the peritoneum or abdomen
- Topical Chemotherapy
Radiation Therapy treatment uses high-energy radiation to destroy cancerous cells. The heavy dose of radiation kills the cancer cells and shrinks tumors by damaging their DNA. The body breaks and eliminates the damaged cells when they die.
Oncology Nurse is a Specialist who take cares of Cancer patients. Oncology nursing care could be defined as the special care and completing the needs of patients during the time of their disease, while may involve some screening methods and preventive measures that should be taken care of.
Clinical Tests are the primary means by which doctors discover new treatments. Cancer and other diseases are being studied in clinical tests. Clinical Tests also assist physicians in learning how to prevent disease and treat symptoms and side effects.
- Clinical Trials for new treatments
- Clinical Trials for side effects and symptoms
- Clinical Trials for long-term side effects
- Clinical Trials to prevent
Eating health foods can prevent cancer. Cancer could be cured to some extent if a patient follows good and health diet, which generally includes fruits and raw green leafy vegetables. Some of which includes, Apple, Papaya, Banana, Carrots, Tomatoes, etc., which have high antioxidant properties, and thus a potential to cure cancer.
Cancer drugs are divided into several categories, including natural products, alkylating agents, hormones, and antimetabolites. Vaccines are given to healthy people to protect them from certain bacteria or viruses that spread diseases. Throughout your life, you will be given numerous vaccines to help prevent common illnesses. Cancer vaccines are also available. There are both cancer prevention and cancer treatment vaccines.
Surgical oncology is a branch of medicine dedicated to the surgical treatment of cancer tumors. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, bone marrow transplant, immunotherapy, targeted drug therapy, and other cancer treatment methods are available. A surgical oncologist is essential in multidisciplinary cancer care. They are trained to handle both simple and complex primary and secondary cancer cases.
- Diagnostic Surgery
- Preventive Surgery
- Staging Surgery
- Curative Surgery
- Reconstructive Surgery
- Palliative Surgery
Clinical Oncologists are cancer specialists who use a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy to treat patients. They are involved in the management of all types of cancer and use a variety of non-surgical treatments to treat cancers. A clinical oncologist’s role is very collaborative.
Breast cancer occurs when the cells in the breast region grow abnormally. Breast cancer mainly occurs in women and rarely in men. The cancerous cells in the breast can also spread outside via blood vessels and lymph vessels. It is the world’s second leading cause of cancer death among women.
Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, grows in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanoma can also develop in the eyes and, in rare cases, inside the body, such as the nose or throat.
Although the exact cause of all melanomas is unknown, exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV) from sunlight or tanning lamps and beds raises your risk of developing melanoma. Limiting your exposure to UV radiation may help lower your risk of developing melanoma.
- Nodular melanoma
- Lentigo Malinga
- Acral Lentiginous Melanoma
- Superficial Spreading melanoma
- Melanoma in situ
Cancer nanotechnology is a branch of nanotechnology concerned with the application of both nanomaterials (such as nanoparticles for tumor imaging or drug delivery) and nanotechnology approaches (such as nanoparticle-based theranostics) to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
Biomedical instruments are used to help with the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of medical conditions. Several new types of cancer treatment equipment, such as:
Ultrasound and radiography - Ultrasound is a non-invasive method of obtaining an image of the internal organs. It is helpful for cancer patients to examine their abdomen for any lymph enlargement or masses.
Linear Accelerator (LINAC) - It emits highly localized radiation (X-rays) and is used in the treatment of cancer. The 6 MeV linear accelerator with surface electron capability allows the treatment of cancer cells even under the subcutis layer overlying the cranium. The connected display unit allows the patient to see his activity as well.
Stem cell transplants include process that restores the blood-forming stem cells in people who have had destroyed their cells by the very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy that were used to treat certain cancers. Different types of Stem Cell Transplants include Autologous, Allogeneic and Syngeneic
- Use of Stem Cell in Cancer Treatment
- Stem Cell Transplant Procedures
- Stem Cell Transplant Side Effects
- Types of Stem Cell Transplant
- Challenges in Stem Cell Transplant
Cancer generally occurs due to a damage that has been caused to DNA. Genes that regulate the cell division, generally get mutated, due to which their control to cell division is hampered. And thus, result of which is uncontrolled cell division, which then leads to cancer. So, to control cancer (uncontrolled cell division) genes which has lost their ability to act under such conditions, should be activated.
Supportive care is an important component of cancer care that is provided in addition to treatments to slow, stop, or cure the disease. According to research, supportive care can improve your quality of life and make you feel more satisfied with your treatment.